For completion of each process, an official closure is a must. The shipping business is no different. Bill of lading is an intimation about receiving of goods and the quality of goods by the shipper. It aids the shipper to hold ownership of the goods during the transit. Once the voyage is completed, the ownership of the goods is transferred to the importer who is receiving them.
Surrender BL is a legal document issued by the exporters to terminate their ownership over the sent goods and transfer it to the importer.
When the importer has completed the payment of the goods, the exporter gives up his rights over the sent goods and cannot reclaim the ownership. Surrender BL is necessary for the transfer of ownership of goods.
The exporter can hold the bill of lading and legally own the goods until the importer has not made the payment. Bill of lading is aligned to payment terms allowing the exporter and the importer to complete the transaction with their local banks' assistance. On the exporter's behalf, his local bank submits the terms of payment and documentation to the importer's bank. The importer makes the payment for the goods and the exporter then surrenders and transfers the good's ownership to the importer. This process is both safe and convenient.
However, the exporter should ensure that the payment is completed before surrendering the bill. If the importer receives the surrendered BL before completing the payment and claims ownership of the goods, the exporter might not get paid. To sum it up, it is safe to say that this transaction is a better option when an exporter has a trustworthy relation with the importer.
The exporter sends the goods to the shipper. The shipper examines the goods and issues a Bill of Lading as a receipt of goods that can prove his legal ownership over goods during the transit. The carrier reaches the destination. The importer has to pay for the goods to the exporter after the bill is surrendered. Ownership over the goods is transferred to the importer and he has to complete the procedure depending on the shipping container type for the release of goods and claim ownership.
An example of letter format for surrender bill of lading