An Inland Container Depot (ICD) is a container storage facility situated in the hinterlands, away from any major port. Shipping companies use ICDs to store and move containers before and after transporting them to the seaport.
As they are located away from the sea or any major river routes, Inland Container Depots are also sometimes referred to as the ‘Dry Ports.’
At an ICD, the sea custodians, freight forwarders, customs brokers as well as officials from the customs department provide their services to the importers and the exporters. They process their shipment near their godowns and factories, away from the far-off ports. ICDs help de-stressing and decongesting the ports where the storage spaces are limited due to the land’s judicial use
Inland Container Depots carry out the following functions:
1) ICDs are physical facilities that store the containers temporarily before they are moved to the port and loaded on the ships. Exporters can also place their cargo inside the containers at an ICD.
2) Along with being a storage facility, ICDs can also provide export and import customs clearances. All the services that are provided at a port, can also be availed at the ICD situated far away from the port.
3) ICDs also act as servicing and repair facilities for containers and other moving equipment.
Inland Container Depots provide facilities like custom clearances as well as other export/import procedures in the mainland, near large industrial complexes, away from the seaports. Once the cargo is cleared at the ICD, it does not have to go through customs at the port and is cleared for export.
ICDs reduce the overall movement of empty containers by providing consolidation facilities for Less than Container Load (LCL) shipments in the hinterland.
ICDs ensure that the costs of exporting and importing goods remain competitive by providing all the facilities in the hinterland.
ICDs help in increasing the exports of a country by building feeder infrastructure for the ports.
ICDs help in decongesting vital port spaces.
The benefits of containerization can be fully availed only when we have a good network of ICDs. Exporters can take advantage of containerization when they can export their cargo via ICDs.
Also Read: FCL and LCL | Meaning & Difference
Although ICD and CFS perform a lot of similar operations, they are two different entities.
A CFS is located near a seaport and mainly consolidates and segregates the cargo. CFS majorly handles LCL shipments, since they require consolidation services. CFS is set up to decongest the ports and free up the valuable physical space near the sea.
ICDs are located far away from the ports and connect the ports with the hinterlands. All the customs related services that are available at the ports, can also be availed at the ICDs, along with consolidation and storage of cargo.
Globally, ICDs can be privately owned as well as state-owned. In India, they are state-owned and are managed by the Container Corporation of India (CONCOR).
According to the data maintained by the Department of Commerce (DoC), there were 129 ICDs in the country as of March 2017 (Appendix I). New Delhi has Asia’s largest Inland Container Depot.
ICD stands for Inland Container Depot, a facility that connects the main ports of a country to the hinterland. ICDs are also known as dry ports.
Ports are places that are designed to carry out the transportation of humans and goods, while a terminal is a specific point on the port from where the movement takes place. Ports contain several terminals.
Ports are designated areas that are constructed for the transport of humans and goods. Whereas, a harbor is an area surrounded by walls, where ships are docked to protect them from tides and currents.
ICDs are located far away from the ports in the hinterlands. They perform all the customs related functions near the major production and consumption hubs of the country and help in decongesting the ports.